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  • Your Immune Response - Inside Your Guts - Microbe Magic
    type of invader Antibodies help to fight the microbes that may make you sick and then they hang around guarding your body in case that microbe comes back Click on Find Out More to learn more about how antibodies defend your body Copyright Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre Disclaimer Privacy Policy Terms Of Use Your 1st line of defence Your skin Your sweat Your tears Your mouth Your nose Your digestive system

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/inside_guts/defence_antibodies.html (2015-07-23)
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  • Explore Your Body - Microbe Magic
    dead so that is safe Vaccines won t make you sick but it shows your body enough microbe to make sure your immune system would recognise it if it saw it again Your body makes antibodies to the vaccine and you are then protected if that microbe ever tries to get past your first line of defence again Once you are vaccinated you are immune to the microbe you have been vaccinated against You have to be vaccinated for each new microbe you need to become immune to but sometimes a couple of vaccines are mixed together so you can do a couple at once Usually when you are immune to a microbe if it invades your body again you won t get sick Every so often though a microbe that you have been vaccinated against will invade your body and make you a little sick It is better though than having no defences because you are sick for a shorter time and you won t feel as bad The first person to use the word vaccination was Dr Edward Jenner who lived in England during the late 18th and early 19th centuries from 1749 to 1823 That s close to 200 years ago This was a time when a disease called smallpox killed a lot of people and left others who survive with terrible scars Jenner saw that milkmaids girls who milked cows got a very mild form of the disease called cowpox but although the milkmaids got blisters they didn t get very sick More importantly these milkmaids did not get smallpox they were protected from it In 1796 Jenner tested his idea by giving a young boy called James Phipps some of the pus in a cowpox blister from the hand of a milkmaid called Sarah Nelmes

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/explore_body/more_info/vaccination.html (2015-07-23)
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  • How Viruses Work - Viruses - All About Microbes - Microbe Magic
    bursts and infects other cells around it They can make more viruses very quickly just one virus can turn into lots of viruses and make you sick So how do viruses try to take over your body Click on the link to Find out more Copyright Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre Disclaimer Privacy Policy Terms Of Use The good the bad the ugly GI Jake a good guy How bacteria works The

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/about_microbes/viruses_work.html (2015-07-23)
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  • Explore Your Body - Microbe Magic
    first time it does all it can to fight it Sometimes you don t notice that a microbe has invaded other times you may get a little sick but when you recover you have antibodies against that microbe in your body If that microbe tries to invade your body again the antibodies are ready and waiting They remember how to fight the microbe and quickly destroy it Your body will pull out all the stops and will even make more antibodies all to make sure you don t feel sick Your body is invaded by microbes thousands of times each day but the antibodies of your immune system protect you as much as they can If you have antibodies for a particular microbe it means that you are immune to that microbe and won t get the disease it causes Your body makes antibodies if you have been sick with a disease or if you have been vaccinated When you are vaccinated against a particular microbe the doctor will give you a tiny piece of that microbe that is dead or has had the dangerous part removed so that is safe It is enough microbe to make sure your immune system would recognise it if it saw it again but not so much that you will get sick Your body makes antibodies to the vaccine and you are then protected if that microbe ever tries to get past your first line of defence again Your immune system is very clever it know which are the bad cells they should attack and which are good cells they should leave alone A perfect example of this are the friendly bacteria like GI Jake that live in your gut helping to digest your food and keeping you healthy These cells live on the

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/inside_guts/more_info/white_cells.html (2015-07-23)
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  • Your Sweat - Inside Your Guts - Microbe Magic
    from inside your body and helps to protect your body from bad bacteria To find out how sweat is made and why it smells click on Find Out More Copyright Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre Disclaimer Privacy Policy Terms Of Use Your 1st line of defence Your skin Your sweat Your tears Your mouth Your nose Your digestive system Your 2nd line of defence Your blood How your blood clots Your white

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/inside_guts/defence_sweat.html (2015-07-23)
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  • Food & the Food Pyramid - Healthy Living - Microbe Magic
    fix itself when it needs to The food pyramid is really useful it reminds you to exercise and advises you on the different types of food you should eat every day Click on Find Out More to find out how the food pyramid can help to keep your body fit and healthy Grains Vegetables Fruits Oils Milk Meat beans Copyright Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre Disclaimer Privacy Policy Terms Of Use Grains

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/healthy_living/food.html (2015-07-23)
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  • Your Red Blood Cells -Your Immune System - Explore Your Body - Microbe Magic
    to keep you healthy You don t need an iron will to find out about iron Just click on Find Out More Copyright Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre Disclaimer Privacy Policy Terms Of Use Your mouth Your oesophagus Your stomach Your small intestine Your large intestine Your rectum anus Your blood How your blood clots Your white blood cells Your red blood cells Your platelets Your immune response Your antibodies What is

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/explore_body/defence_rcells1.html (2015-07-23)
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  • Explore Your Body - Microbe Magic
    groin If you have an infection your glands help to gobble up most of the microbes and they also produce antibodies to help destroy them You can easily tell if your body is fighting a big invasion your glands swell up because they are working so hard The white blood cells in your blood are the main defenders inside your body they are cells of your immune response White blood cells are also called leukocytes like our friend Luke O Cyte They find and fight any invaders that manage to get through your first line of defence You would have a pretty difficult time staying healthy without your leukocytes Your leukocytes are made in your bone marrow and come in lots of different types Some of the most important types are Lymphocytes these come in two different types B cells and T cells B cells make antibodies see below T cells find invaders that might be hiding in the cells of your body or find cells that are not healthy and destroy them before they make you sick Macrophages these are the biggest blood cells in your body They patrol different parts of your body and clean up any invaders or damaged cells they find They are phagocytic cells that gobble up and dissolve away the invaders or damaged cells Neutrophils these patrol your body finding and destroying invaders One type of leukocyte has a job that is vital to your health your Bcells make antibodies Antibodies are proteins in your blood that travel around fighting microbes Each antibody is unique it only recognises it s the one microbe it can fight but they are really important in keeping you healthy When your body sees a microbe for the first time it does all it can to fight it Sometimes you don t notice that a microbe has invaded other times you may get a little sick but when you recover you have antibodies against that microbe in your body If that microbe tries to invade your body again the antibodies are ready and waiting They remember how to fight the microbe and quickly destroy it Your body will pull out all the stops and will even make more antibodies all to make sure you don t feel sick Your body is invaded by microbes thousands of times each day but the antibodies of your immune system protect you as much as they can If you have antibodies for a particular microbe it means that you are immune to that microbe and won t get the disease it causes Your body makes antibodies if you have been sick with a disease or if you have been vaccinated When you are vaccinated against a particular microbe the doctor will give you a tiny piece of that microbe that is dead or has had the dangerous part removed so that is safe It is enough microbe to make sure your immune system would recognise it if it saw it again but not

    Original URL path: http://microbemagic.ucc.ie/explore_body/more_info/immune_response.html (2015-07-23)
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