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  • Thomas raises ESM Bank Bailouts at Leaders’ Questions – Thomas Pringle TD
    on immigration as well as civil law as it pertained to movement within the EU Both the Treaty of Amsterdam and the Treaty of Nice tried to deal with the issue of the biggest enlargement in the organization s history taking place as 10 countries were slated to join the EU in 2004 To give these countries delegates in each of the organs of the EU would make such completely unmanageable in size as well as shift the balance between the number of large and small states as almost all of the states joining were relatively small in size Eventually they came to the compromise of redistribution of seats in the Parliament the eventual downsizing of the Commission also with which the larger countries would have to give up their second commissioner and a reweighing of votes in the Council While this was not the outcome that anyone really wanted it ended up being the only thing that everyone could come to agreement over even though each nation understood that without compromise the whole system would be strained to continue to be effective The membership of the organizations that have made up the European Union was slowly increasing during the 1970s and 1980s and picked up rapidly after the collapse of the Berlin Wall and the USSR At first it was very hard to have anyone join the EEC as the French President Charles De Gaulle was opposed to letting the United Kingdom and everyone else who wanted to joined were compelled to do so by the thought of UK membership After a change in French leadership 1973 saw the United Kingdom Ireland and Denmark be the first countries to enlarge the EEC Greece finally joined in 1981 followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 East Germany joined the community de facto when it merged with West Germany in 1990 Further enlargement would not occur until after the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty as Austria Sweden and Finland joined became full members in 1995 In the biggest expansion that the EU has seen many of the former Soviet states joined in 2004 This included Poland Hungary the Czech Republic Slovenia Slovakia Malta Cyprus Latvia Lithuania and Estonia The latest enlargement included the countries of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007 This brought the number of countries in the European Union to a grand total of 27 Countries that are not currently included in the European Union include Croatia Turkey and Macedonia who have current membership bids as well as Switzerland Iceland Albania Kosovo Norway Bosnia Herzegovina and Serbia and Montenegro The latest change to the European Union has come through the Treaty of Lisbon which was completely ratified by all members in November 2009 In this treaty for the first time there is a specific clause that addresses the possibility of a member country withdrawing from the Union It also changed the voting method in the Council which will now have to include 55 of the Member States representing 65 of the population of the Union for a double majority One of the biggest changes that occurred to the structure of the EU was the creation of a President of the European Council which is effectively the head of the European Union The new treaty also gives the EU jurisdiction over a multitude of new things such as freedom security and justice such as combating terrorism or tackling crime energy policy public health civil protection climate change services of general interest research space territorial cohesion commercial policy humanitarian aid sport tourism and administrative cooperation It also consolidated all of the negotiating power available to the Union into one position so as to make it easier to interact with countries outside of the Union and to make it more visible on the world stage While these are not the only things that the Treaty of Lisbon encompasses and while one does not know the implications of such changes it will be interesting to see what these changes actually bring about The current organization of the European Union after the Treaty of Lisbon is far from what it started out as in the ECSC in 1951 It now consists of 9 different institutions as well as dozens of agencies advisory bodies financial bodies and interinstitutional bodies The European Council sets out the general political direction and goals of the Union The European Parliament which is directly elected by citizens of the EU passes legislation in conjunction with the Council of the European Union which is made up of national ministers from each of the member states The European Commission both proposes legislation to the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament and ensures that statutes are applied throughout the EU properly The Court of Justice of the European Communities is meant to settle disputes between organs of the EU member states and a combination of both The European Court of Auditors reviews the financing of the Union s activities The European Central Bank is in charge of European monetary policy as well as the administration of the Euro currency while the European Data Protection Supervisor advises throughout the organization of the EU on data protection legislation There is also a European Ombudsman to mediate complaints about poor administration by the EU and its organs This quick overview shows how much more complicated the European Union is than its predecessors most of which only having 3 institutions The European Union has been in the making for 6 decades and while Europe is not completely politically integrated Europe is very close to being a federation of states From its humble beings as a single common market between six countries the European integration project has grown to encompass the legal economic and political institutions of 27 nations It is important to understand that something as massive as the European Union does not just come into existence with one act or one single idea but is a collection of hundreds of people s ideals and years upon years of hard work and determination The time that the creation of these institutions has spanned is also helpful in understanding what the objectives of such were and how that plays into how they are used today While the goals of Robert Schumann were the ones that Europe chose to pursue in 1951 Jean Monnet s goal of European integration was realized nonetheless The path to the European Union has spanned sixty years and several incarnations While the original goal of integration was to make war on the European continent unprofitable and uneconomical especially for Germany with the European Coal and Steel Community integration has progressed so far beyond that it has reached a point unimaginable in 1951 Understanding the history and evolution of European institutions that have come to make up the European Union is vital for understanding how said institutions function and how they work together From the Treaty of Paris in 1951 that started the movement towards a united Europe to the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009 that finally integrated all of the previously created organizations truly into the European Union the history of the EU contains many twists and turns new institutions and mergers of old ones The European Union is the largest and most integrated collection of countries working together in political and economic harmony After World War Two there was tension in Europe over how to prevent further wars from breaking out on the continent France especially was worried that Germany would rise for a third time to decimate their country and economy Robert Schumann the French foreign minister after WWII and Jean Monnet a French civil servant both sought a way to both rebuild Europe after the destruction of the war as well as a way to make any future German aggression unprofitable They also wanted to make Germany feel as though they were equal so stem further ill feelings If the two countries were to integrate their coal and steel markets the two most important commodities in wartime it would make it near impossible for one to attack the other Each Monnet and Schumann would come up with their own plan but the Schumann Plan would be adopted as the method of choice to begin the economic integration of Europe as it was more moderate The Treaty of Paris in 1951 brought into existence the ECSC the first real organization of European integration The European Coal and Steel Community was the first of the institutions that would try and unite European countries together It was an economic union of the Coal and Steel markets of France West Germany Italy and the Benelux countries The goals of the ECSC were to create a free trade area as well as a common market for several different goods used in industrialized economies The main difference in the ECSC that was not present in many other international organizations at the time was the notion of a High Authority which had the final say on things such as prohibition of subsidies and aid action against restrictive practices promotion of research decisions on whether business practices were allowable and in some instances control prices It also had the ability to impose fines on those who did not obey its rulings There was also a Council of Ministers which was made up of ministers from national governments with each state having one representative regardless of size which had some control over the actions of the High Authority The third body of the ECSC was the Common Assembly which was made up of members selected by national governments The Common Assembly essentially acted as an advisory body to the High Authority and had no real power The final institution established by the Treaty of Paris was the Court of Justice It was created to settle disputes between member states organs of the ECSC itself and between each of the former These institutions formed the earliest basis for the organs of the European Union as they exist today Other institutions that were created at the same time as the ECSC were the European Defence Community and the European Political Community Each institution was meant to integrate Europe further by linking together their defence plans as well as political administration The EPC would have created a constitutional assembly which would have worked towards creating a single constitution for all of the countries involved The European Defence Community which would have linked together a defence force from the six countries that were originally part of the ECSC failed before it even came in to effect as the French National Assembly rejected the plan Many people still did not want to rearm Germany concerns that such a force would be ineffective and partial and in some ways that it was not even necessary The dismissal of the EDC also spelled the death of the EPC It would not be until the European Union was created in 1993 that Europe would be more than economically integrated While the EDC was ineffective at creating a common defence system the Western European Union which was established with the Treaty of Brussels in 1948 between France the United Kingdom and the Benelux countries and was added to by Italy and West Germany in 1955 created a consultative primarily defence oriented organization The WEU permitted West German rearmament with various restrictions imposed and was specifically responsible for West Germany becoming part of NATO In total there are currently 28 members of the WEU with various standings within the organization itself It is largely defunct as most of its objectives collective defence have been taken over by NATO and institutions have become parts of the European Union It is doubtful that the WEU will continue to exist for much longer The European Economic Community was established in the Treaties of Rome in 1957 The same treaties also established the European Atomic Energy Community or Euratom Each the EEC and Euratom have four major organs the Commission the Parliament the Council and the Court of Justice The Commission is an appointed body of 14 members 1 from each smaller state and 2 from the larger ones The Commission s role was to be the executive body drafting legislation and ensuring that the day to day running of the organization was working The Parliament has control over the budget of the organization but very little control over anything else The Council of Ministers was composed of one national minister from each of the member countries and was the main decision making body of the EEC Which minister that was present depended on what was being discussed such that agricultural ministers were present for decisions regarding agriculture and if the subject of the meeting was energy the ministers in charge of energy would be present The Court of Justice was not part of the Treaties of Rome but rather was the same court that had been established by the ECSC with the ECSC EEC and Euratom all using it after the Merger Treaty which came in to effect in 1967 The Merger Treaty also created a single Council and a single Commission for all three communities although different people would attend meetings on different topics This did not mean that the treaties or the organizations were merged only that the bureaucracy was Even though the ideals of the Treaties of Rome called for common markets and a free trade area between members much progress had not been made by the 1980s In 1987 the Single European Act came into effect which carried the first real changes to the Treaties of Rome It set out a timeline for the completion of the internal market between member stands for 1992 It also increased the role of the European Parliament by creating an assent procedure which made it necessary for the Parliament to agree to admission of new members as well as association agreements between the EEC and other countries not within the union This would be the last amendment to the original system of treaties as everything would be consolidated in 1993 with the Treaty of Maastricht otherwise known as the Treaty of European Union As the Cold War drew to an end at the beginning of the 1990s Europe found itself no longer divided by the Iron Curtain As more countries could now be included in the common market there was a renewed push for complete integration of Europe s economic political and legal institutions In this new atmosphere the proponents of the EEC strove to take their organization several steps forward With the Treaty of Maastricht they were able to do this The first thing that the treaty did was officially change the name of the organization to the European Union Because the Single European Act had set 1992 as an end date for the complete economic integration of Europe and such had been accomplished the organization required a new forward objective if it was to stay relevant The treaty set the stage for this by constructing a pillar system for the basis of the continuation of the organization The first pillar is the organizations that have preceded the EU such as the ECSC EEC Euratom etc The second and third pillars are not institutionalized but rather the implicit cooperation of national governments on issues of the Common foreign and security policy and Police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters The Treaty of Maastricht also introduced new and important features of the Union The first is a solid timeline for a European Monetary Union as well as the European Central Bank which would culminate in the introduction of the Euro It also brought the idea of Citizenship of the Union to fruition with the integration of passports for all member countries This treaty was the first time that the organization now known as the EU had made a serious attempt to establish a legitimate bid as a truly political entity for all of Europe There were two subsequent modifications of the Treaty of Maastricht the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997 and the Treaty of Nice in 2001 The Treaty of Amsterdam continued to add to the jurisdiction of the EU including the ability to legislate on immigration as well as civil law as it pertained to movement within the EU Both the Treaty of Amsterdam and the Treaty of Nice tried to deal with the issue of the biggest enlargement in the organization s history taking place as 10 countries were slated to join the EU in 2004 To give these countries delegates in each of the organs of the EU would make such completely unmanageable in size as well as shift the balance between the number of large and small states as almost all of the states joining were relatively small in size Eventually they came to the compromise of redistribution of seats in the Parliament the eventual downsizing of the Commission also with which the larger countries would have to give up their second commissioner and a reweighing of votes in the Council While this was not the outcome that anyone really wanted it ended up being the only thing that everyone could come to agreement over even though each nation understood that without compromise the whole system would be strained to continue to be effective The membership of the organizations that have made up the European Union was slowly increasing during the 1970s and 1980s and picked up rapidly after the collapse of the Berlin Wall and the USSR At first it was very hard to have anyone join the EEC as the French President Charles De Gaulle was opposed to letting the United Kingdom and everyone else who wanted to joined were compelled to do so by the thought of UK membership After a change in French leadership 1973 saw the United Kingdom Ireland and Denmark be the first countries to enlarge the EEC Greece finally joined in 1981 followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 East

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2012/05/18/thomas-raises-esm-bank-bailouts-at-leaders-questions/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Watch Thomas speaking on the European Arrest Warrant (Application to Third Countries and Amendment) and Extradition Bill 2011 – Thomas Pringle TD
    as FF Minister for the Marine Biomass in Donegal Local supply and local demand driving job creation Home Dáil Debates Watch Thomas speaking on the European Arrest Warrant Application to Third Countries and Amendment and Extradition Bill 2011 Watch Thomas speaking on the European Arrest Warrant Application to Third Countries and Amendment and Extradition Bill 2011 By admin Tweet Pin It Updated 18th May 2012 Recorded on 15th May click here to watch Thomas contribution to the Bill Be Sociable Share Previous Story Thomas raises rural job creation at Leaders Questions Next Story Thomas raises ESM Bank Bailouts at Leaders Questions About admin Contact Info Killybegs Constituency Office Connolly House Bridge Street Killybegs Co Donegal 074 97 41880 thomas pringle oir ie Latest News Look out for my General Election 2016 newsletter February 11 2016 12 59 pm DONEGAL NOW Donegal TD reveals Minister Lynch will not meet with Save Our St Joseph s Campaign February 11 2016 11 24 am DONEGAL NOW Calls on Burton to provide additional funding for community services programmes February 11 2016 11 23 am HIGHLAND RADIO Pringle claims other alternative energy projects will benefit Donegal more February 11 2016 11 21 am Pringle reveals

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2012/05/18/watch-thomas-speaking-on-the-european-arrest-warrant-application-to-third-countries-and-amendment-and-extradition-bill-2011/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Thomas raises rural job creation at Leaders’ Questions – Thomas Pringle TD
    role as FF Minister for the Marine Biomass in Donegal Local supply and local demand driving job creation Home Dáil Debates Thomas raises rural job creation at Leaders Questions Thomas raises rural job creation at Leaders Questions By admin Tweet Pin It Updated 18th May 2012 Speaking at Leaders Questions on 8th May Thomas outlined his concerns to the Taoiseach on rural job creation Click here to see what he said Be Sociable Share Previous Story Thomas speaking at Leaders Questions Next Story Watch Thomas speaking on the European Arrest Warrant Application to Third Countries and Amendment and Extradition Bill 2011 About admin Contact Info Killybegs Constituency Office Connolly House Bridge Street Killybegs Co Donegal 074 97 41880 thomas pringle oir ie Latest News Look out for my General Election 2016 newsletter February 11 2016 12 59 pm DONEGAL NOW Donegal TD reveals Minister Lynch will not meet with Save Our St Joseph s Campaign February 11 2016 11 24 am DONEGAL NOW Calls on Burton to provide additional funding for community services programmes February 11 2016 11 23 am HIGHLAND RADIO Pringle claims other alternative energy projects will benefit Donegal more February 11 2016 11 21 am Pringle reveals

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2012/05/18/thomas-raises-rural-job-creation-at-leaders-questions/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Thomas speaking at Leaders’ Questions – Thomas Pringle TD
    reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as FF Minister for the Marine Biomass in Donegal Local supply and local demand driving job creation Home Dáil Debates Thomas speaking at Leaders Questions Thomas speaking at Leaders Questions By admin Tweet Pin It Updated 4th May 2012 Recorded on May 3rd watch Thomas speaking on the Government s negative campaigning on the upcoming referendum here Be Sociable Share Previous Story Debate on Turf Cutters Motion Next Story Thomas raises rural job creation at Leaders Questions About admin Contact Info Killybegs Constituency Office Connolly House Bridge Street Killybegs Co Donegal 074 97 41880 thomas pringle oir ie Latest News Look out for my General Election 2016 newsletter February 11 2016 12 59 pm DONEGAL NOW Donegal TD reveals Minister Lynch will not meet with Save Our St Joseph s Campaign February 11 2016 11 24 am DONEGAL NOW Calls on Burton to provide additional funding for community services programmes February 11 2016 11 23 am HIGHLAND RADIO Pringle claims other alternative energy projects will benefit Donegal more February 11 2016 11 21 am Pringle reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2012/05/04/thomas-speaking-at-leaders-questions/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Debate on Turf Cutters Motion – Thomas Pringle TD
    Pringle reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as FF Minister for the Marine Biomass in Donegal Local supply and local demand driving job creation Home Dáil Debates Debate on Turf Cutters Motion Debate on Turf Cutters Motion By admin Tweet Pin It Updated 6th March 2012 See Thomas contribution to the Turf Cutters debate in the Dail on Tuesday night click here Be Sociable Share Previous Story Thomas contribution to debate on the Fiscal Compact Next Story Thomas speaking at Leaders Questions About admin Contact Info Killybegs Constituency Office Connolly House Bridge Street Killybegs Co Donegal 074 97 41880 thomas pringle oir ie Latest News Look out for my General Election 2016 newsletter February 11 2016 12 59 pm DONEGAL NOW Donegal TD reveals Minister Lynch will not meet with Save Our St Joseph s Campaign February 11 2016 11 24 am DONEGAL NOW Calls on Burton to provide additional funding for community services programmes February 11 2016 11 23 am HIGHLAND RADIO Pringle claims other alternative energy projects will benefit Donegal more February 11 2016 11 21 am Pringle reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as FF

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2012/03/06/debate-on-turf-cutters-motion/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Thomas contribution to debate on the Fiscal Compact – Thomas Pringle TD
    reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as FF Minister for the Marine Biomass in Donegal Local supply and local demand driving job creation Home Dáil Debates Thomas contribution to debate on the Fiscal Compact Thomas contribution to debate on the Fiscal Compact By admin Tweet Pin It Updated 1st March 2012 To see Thomas contribution on the ratification of the Fiscal Compact watch here Be Sociable Share Previous Story Statements on the Action Plan for Jobs Next Story Debate on Turf Cutters Motion About admin Contact Info Killybegs Constituency Office Connolly House Bridge Street Killybegs Co Donegal 074 97 41880 thomas pringle oir ie Latest News Look out for my General Election 2016 newsletter February 11 2016 12 59 pm DONEGAL NOW Donegal TD reveals Minister Lynch will not meet with Save Our St Joseph s Campaign February 11 2016 11 24 am DONEGAL NOW Calls on Burton to provide additional funding for community services programmes February 11 2016 11 23 am HIGHLAND RADIO Pringle claims other alternative energy projects will benefit Donegal more February 11 2016 11 21 am Pringle reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2012/03/01/thomas-contribution-to-debate-on-the-fiscal-compact/ (2016-02-16)
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  • Statements on the Action Plan for Jobs – Thomas Pringle TD
    Pringle reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as FF Minister for the Marine Biomass in Donegal Local supply and local demand driving job creation Home Dáil Debates Statements on the Action Plan for Jobs Statements on the Action Plan for Jobs By admin Tweet Pin It Updated 16th February 2012 See Thomas contribution on the Action Plan for Jobs watch here Be Sociable Share Previous Story Dail Debate on the National Disability Strategy Next Story Thomas contribution to debate on the Fiscal Compact About admin Contact Info Killybegs Constituency Office Connolly House Bridge Street Killybegs Co Donegal 074 97 41880 thomas pringle oir ie Latest News Look out for my General Election 2016 newsletter February 11 2016 12 59 pm DONEGAL NOW Donegal TD reveals Minister Lynch will not meet with Save Our St Joseph s Campaign February 11 2016 11 24 am DONEGAL NOW Calls on Burton to provide additional funding for community services programmes February 11 2016 11 23 am HIGHLAND RADIO Pringle claims other alternative energy projects will benefit Donegal more February 11 2016 11 21 am Pringle reveals Pat The Cope s short term memory loss over controversial role as

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2012/02/16/statements-on-the-action-plan-for-jobs/ (2016-02-16)
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  • 400 Additional Staff for TUSLA in 2016 – Thomas Pringle TD
    identified a requirement of 137 million over a three year period This included a request for additional capital funding of 11 5million I was pleased to be able to allocate significant extra resources to Tusla for 2016 The overall level of funding that I have provided will significantly strengthen Tusla s base funding level and will give the Agency greater capacity to respond to current risk and anticipated demand addressing areas of currently unmet need during 2016 The 2016 gross funding allocation under Budget 2016 includes an allocation of 676 million for Tusla representing an increase of 38 million over the 2015 allocation This includes 662 4 million in current expenditure and 13 6 million in capital expenditure The additional resources are intended to alleviate service pressures in child welfare and protection services in particular pressures being faced in the areas of unallocated cases private residential and foster care and Domestic Sexual and Gender Based Violence Strategy In addition my Department expects to provide supplementary funding of approximately 20 7m to Tusla in 2015 This level of provision addresses all of the key priorities identified by Tusla and considered to be achievable in 2016 The funding provision will give rise to a substantial recruitment programme involving up to 400 additional staff next year In accordance with the Agency s establishing legislation my Department will be issuing a detailed Performance Statement to inform the preparation of Tusla s Business Plan for 2016 This Statement will set out the key priorities that I will require of Tusla in the coming year I am very pleased that having asked Tusla for a detailed business case setting out the basis for seeking additional resources in 2016 I have been able to provide significant extra funding that will strengthen its funding base and secure the

    Original URL path: http://www.thomaspringle.ie/2015/10/27/400-additional-staff-for-tusla-in-2016/ (2016-02-16)
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