archive-ie.com » IE » I » INTEGRATION.IE

Total: 1150

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • All News Items- Immigration in Ireland 2011 – a year-end snapshot – major changes and more to follow
    and citizenship were received by Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service INIS decisions were issued by INIS in almost 178 000 cases a proportion of decisions issued relate to applications submitted in previous years and over 111 000 new or renewed registrations of permission to remain in the State were issued by the Garda National Immigration Bureau Registrations All Non EEA nationals remaining in the State for longer than 90 days are required to register with the Garda National Immigration Bureau The provisional 2011 year end estimate of non EEA nationals with permission to remain in the State is approximately 130 500 This compares with 132 200 at the end of 2010 and 134 000 in 2009 when registrations of non EEA nationals were at their highest The majority of persons with permission to remain in the State are here for work or study purposes The current top 6 registered nationalities which account for over 50 of all persons registered are India 11 China 9 Brazil 9 Nigeria 9 Philippines 8 and USA 7 Visas Provisional figures indicate that approximately 83 000 entry visa applications were processed in 2011 an increase of 8 on 2010 The approval rate for entry visa applications was 91 The top 5 nationalities applying for visas in 2011 were India 17 Russia 14 China 12 Turkey 5 and Saudi Arabia 5 The Irish Short stay Visa Waiver Programme with the UK commenced on 1 July 2011 and will run as a pilot until 31 October 2012 The Programme is designed to boost tourism and business especially from emerging markets Extrapolated visa data from the regions in which the waiver programme operates indicates that visitor numbers from the countries concerned was significantly increased more precise data will be made available following the completion of the review of the programme Tourism Ireland has also reported a significant increase in tourist numbers from the target markets and the number of tourist groups from China more than doubled from July to August 2011 compared to the same period last year Additionally a number of Indian and Gulf tour operators have added Ireland to their European itineraries for the first time Naturalisation citizenship In 2011 major reforms were introduced to the processing of citizenship applications aimed at tackling the backlog of applications that had arisen due to the huge increase in the volume of naturalisation applications in recent years from 1 000 applications in the year 2000 to 25 671 in 2010 an almost 25 fold increase in the 10 year period The new measures were also introduced with the aim of dealing with almost all new citizenship applications within 6 months These measures have resulted in a significant increase in the number of cases decided with double the volume of valid applications being decided in 2011 some 16 000 compared to 2010 when fewer than 8 000 were decided By late spring early summer of 2012 it is anticipated that all standard applications i e non complex cases accounting for 70 of all applications will be completed within 6 months This year Minister Shatter also introduced citizenship ceremonies for the first time in the State The ceremonies which have been held in Dublin Castle Cathal Brugha Barracks Dublin the Garda College Templemore and Cork City Hall ensure that the granting of citizenship is marked by a sense of occasion for our new citizens Persons from 112 countries such as USA South Africa Nepal Korea China Australia Chile Japan Philippines Rwanda India and Russia attended twenty eight citizenship ceremonies in 2011 and further such ceremonies are planned throughout 2012 Income Generated from Fees In 2011 the fee income generated from visa charges re entry fees registration fees naturalisation and long term residency and other fees amounted to 29m Students The New Student Immigration Regime came into operation from 1 January 2011 and is designed to reform the student immigration regime in a manner that is better integrated with Ireland s immigration policy generally while providing a stronger regulatory framework for the sustainable development of the international education sector Key measures introduced include maximum periods of residence in the State on foot of a student permission and a differentiated approach as between Degree Programme courses and those at the Language or Non Degree Programme level The number of non EEA national students registered to study in the State is approximately 32 500 or 25 of the total number of non EEA nationals with permission to remain in the State Broken down by education sector 37 of students are pursuing Higher Education Degree Programme study 29 are taking language courses 23 further education non Degree courses and 11 other e g accountancy secondary school International Protection and Asylum The provisional figures for 2011 indicate that 1 250 new applications for asylum were submitted The equivalent figure for 2010 was 1 939 The comparative figure in 2002 when the use of the asylum system by economic migrants to enter the state was at its peak was 11 600 Provisional figures for end 2011 indicate that there were approximately 5 400 persons seeking international protection accommodated in direct provision centres in the State Removals of illegal immigrants The removal of illegal immigrants from the State is a necessary feature of the enforcement of immigration legislation with the purpose of upholding the integrity of the immigration system In enforcing the law in this respect Ireland is no different to other countries who also remove individuals who have no lawful right to remain within their territory Deportations Removals Almost 4 000 persons were deported removed from the State in 2011 This number comprises of almost 3 700 persons who were refused entry into the State at ports of entry and were returned to the place from where they had come In addition 280 failed asylum seekers and illegal migrants were deported from the State in 2011 The top 5 nationalities deported were Nigeria South Africa Pakistan Moldova and Georgia A total of 111 persons were deported on

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8Q7F24115444-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • All News Items- New Translations of Publications on Employment Rights
    Media Africa Day Migrant Representation Wearing of the hijab Wearing the burqa EU Developments EU Modules Integration Common Basic Principles EU National Contacts Integration Handbooks EU Integration Forum EU Integration Website Ministerial Conferences Treaty of Lisbon Stockholm Programme EU Integration Agenda EU Integration Indicators Education PISA Education PIAAC Education 2014 Racism Responsible Bodies Report a Racist Incident Report Crime to Gardaí Crime Victims Helpline Equality Tribunal Garda Ombudsman Broadcasting Complaint Complaint re Newspaper Internet Complaint Racist Graffiti Racist Incident Statistics Reported Racist Crime Equality Tribunal Cases GSOC Cases Press Council Ombud FRA Assessment ECRIAssessment Media Coverage Racial Profiling Ministerial Statements Parliamentary Questions NPAR 2005 2008 Messages to Staff 2013 ECRI EU Developments EU Decision on Racism EU Declaration on Racism EU Rome Declaration UN Developments Durban Review CERD Holocaust Memorial Day Holocaust Alliance IHRA Resettlement Introduction Process Resettlement Towns Statistics Vietnam Bosnia Kosovo 2000 2009 2010 onward Relocation Refugee Stories Resettlement Events Resettlement PQs Resettlement Debates Info for Migrants Languages Available Arabic Bengali Bulgarian Česky Czech Chinese Deutsch German Eesti Estonian EÌdeÌ Yoruba Espa ol Spanish Français French Hindi Hrvat Croat Italiano Italian Kiswahili Swahili Latviešu valoda Latvian Lietuvi k Lithuanian Lingala Magyar Hungarian Malti Maltese Pashto Polski Polish Português do Brasil Punjabi Român Romanian Russian Shqiptar Albanian Slovenčina Slovak Soomaali Somali Srpski Serbian Srpsko hrvatski Svenska Swedish Thai Ukrainian Urdu Information about Ireland Accessing Information Local Directories Local Libraries NGOS and agencies Citizens Information Family Resource Centre Online Public Services Money Advice MABS Census 2011 Citizenship Driving Education Education in Ireland Higher Education QualificationRecognition Intercultural Strategy Hijab Research Patronage and Pluralism Emergency Services Employment Get Involved In Irish Life Health Housing Information about Ireland Intercultural Fora Learning English Learning Irish Multilingual Information Education Own Language Qualifications Own Lang Police Own Language Crime Own Language Health Own Language Welfare Own

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8PSJU414205422-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • All News Items- New Discussion Document on White Paper on Crime
    Representation Wearing of the hijab Wearing the burqa EU Developments EU Modules Integration Common Basic Principles EU National Contacts Integration Handbooks EU Integration Forum EU Integration Website Ministerial Conferences Treaty of Lisbon Stockholm Programme EU Integration Agenda EU Integration Indicators Education PISA Education PIAAC Education 2014 Racism Responsible Bodies Report a Racist Incident Report Crime to Gardaí Crime Victims Helpline Equality Tribunal Garda Ombudsman Broadcasting Complaint Complaint re Newspaper Internet Complaint Racist Graffiti Racist Incident Statistics Reported Racist Crime Equality Tribunal Cases GSOC Cases Press Council Ombud FRA Assessment ECRIAssessment Media Coverage Racial Profiling Ministerial Statements Parliamentary Questions NPAR 2005 2008 Messages to Staff 2013 ECRI EU Developments EU Decision on Racism EU Declaration on Racism EU Rome Declaration UN Developments Durban Review CERD Holocaust Memorial Day Holocaust Alliance IHRA Resettlement Introduction Process Resettlement Towns Statistics Vietnam Bosnia Kosovo 2000 2009 2010 onward Relocation Refugee Stories Resettlement Events Resettlement PQs Resettlement Debates Info for Migrants Languages Available Arabic Bengali Bulgarian Česky Czech Chinese Deutsch German Eesti Estonian EÌdeÌ Yoruba Espa ol Spanish Français French Hindi Hrvat Croat Italiano Italian Kiswahili Swahili Latviešu valoda Latvian Lietuvi k Lithuanian Lingala Magyar Hungarian Malti Maltese Pashto Polski Polish Português do Brasil Punjabi Român Romanian Russian Shqiptar Albanian Slovenčina Slovak Soomaali Somali Srpski Serbian Srpsko hrvatski Svenska Swedish Thai Ukrainian Urdu Information about Ireland Accessing Information Local Directories Local Libraries NGOS and agencies Citizens Information Family Resource Centre Online Public Services Money Advice MABS Census 2011 Citizenship Driving Education Education in Ireland Higher Education QualificationRecognition Intercultural Strategy Hijab Research Patronage and Pluralism Emergency Services Employment Get Involved In Irish Life Health Housing Information about Ireland Intercultural Fora Learning English Learning Irish Multilingual Information Education Own Language Qualifications Own Lang Police Own Language Crime Own Language Health Own Language Welfare Own Language Life Here Own

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8PSH741256422-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • All News Items- Celebrating Christmas in Ireland and Nigeria
    Wearing the burqa EU Developments EU Modules Integration Common Basic Principles EU National Contacts Integration Handbooks EU Integration Forum EU Integration Website Ministerial Conferences Treaty of Lisbon Stockholm Programme EU Integration Agenda EU Integration Indicators Education PISA Education PIAAC Education 2014 Racism Responsible Bodies Report a Racist Incident Report Crime to Gardaí Crime Victims Helpline Equality Tribunal Garda Ombudsman Broadcasting Complaint Complaint re Newspaper Internet Complaint Racist Graffiti Racist Incident Statistics Reported Racist Crime Equality Tribunal Cases GSOC Cases Press Council Ombud FRA Assessment ECRIAssessment Media Coverage Racial Profiling Ministerial Statements Parliamentary Questions NPAR 2005 2008 Messages to Staff 2013 ECRI EU Developments EU Decision on Racism EU Declaration on Racism EU Rome Declaration UN Developments Durban Review CERD Holocaust Memorial Day Holocaust Alliance IHRA Resettlement Introduction Process Resettlement Towns Statistics Vietnam Bosnia Kosovo 2000 2009 2010 onward Relocation Refugee Stories Resettlement Events Resettlement PQs Resettlement Debates Info for Migrants Languages Available Arabic Bengali Bulgarian Česky Czech Chinese Deutsch German Eesti Estonian EÌdeÌ Yoruba Espa ol Spanish Français French Hindi Hrvat Croat Italiano Italian Kiswahili Swahili Latviešu valoda Latvian Lietuvi k Lithuanian Lingala Magyar Hungarian Malti Maltese Pashto Polski Polish Português do Brasil Punjabi Român Romanian Russian Shqiptar Albanian Slovenčina Slovak Soomaali Somali Srpski Serbian Srpsko hrvatski Svenska Swedish Thai Ukrainian Urdu Information about Ireland Accessing Information Local Directories Local Libraries NGOS and agencies Citizens Information Family Resource Centre Online Public Services Money Advice MABS Census 2011 Citizenship Driving Education Education in Ireland Higher Education QualificationRecognition Intercultural Strategy Hijab Research Patronage and Pluralism Emergency Services Employment Get Involved In Irish Life Health Housing Information about Ireland Intercultural Fora Learning English Learning Irish Multilingual Information Education Own Language Qualifications Own Lang Police Own Language Crime Own Language Health Own Language Welfare Own Language Life Here Own Language Jobs Own Language Housing

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8PRGCB12131221-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • All News Items- Minister for Justice, Equality and Defence announces recognition of additional foreign registered relationships under the Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act
    2009 2010 onward Relocation Refugee Stories Resettlement Events Resettlement PQs Resettlement Debates Info for Migrants Languages Available Arabic Bengali Bulgarian Česky Czech Chinese Deutsch German Eesti Estonian EÌdeÌ Yoruba Espa ol Spanish Français French Hindi Hrvat Croat Italiano Italian Kiswahili Swahili Latviešu valoda Latvian Lietuvi k Lithuanian Lingala Magyar Hungarian Malti Maltese Pashto Polski Polish Português do Brasil Punjabi Român Romanian Russian Shqiptar Albanian Slovenčina Slovak Soomaali Somali Srpski Serbian Srpsko hrvatski Svenska Swedish Thai Ukrainian Urdu Information about Ireland Accessing Information Local Directories Local Libraries NGOS and agencies Citizens Information Family Resource Centre Online Public Services Money Advice MABS Census 2011 Citizenship Driving Education Education in Ireland Higher Education QualificationRecognition Intercultural Strategy Hijab Research Patronage and Pluralism Emergency Services Employment Get Involved In Irish Life Health Housing Information about Ireland Intercultural Fora Learning English Learning Irish Multilingual Information Education Own Language Qualifications Own Lang Police Own Language Crime Own Language Health Own Language Welfare Own Language Life Here Own Language Jobs Own Language Housing Own Language Census Own Language Privacy Own Language Volunteer Own Language Qualification Recognition Social Welfare Visas Voting Integration Events 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Publications Our Publications Other Publications Academic Central Statistics Office ESRI European Migration Net Equality Authority State Agencies HSE Police Service Garda NESC NCCRI OECD Police Service Garda Sporting Organisations UNHCR Miscellaneous Useful Weblinks Irish sites Government sites NGOs Research Centres International Sites Useful Contacts Contact Us Translation tool provided by Google The Office for the Promotion of Migrant Integration does not take any responsibility for quality of translation Minister for Justice Equality and Defence announces recognition of additional foreign registered relationships under the Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act 19 12 2011 The Minister for Justice Equality and Defence Mr Alan Shatter T D has made an Order under the Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act 2010 prescribing certain registered relationships entered into by same sex couples in other jurisdictions as entitled to be treated as equivalent to civil partnership under Irish law The registered relationships now being afforded recognition are Ø Civil Partnerships from the Isle of Man Ø Civil Partnerships from South Africa Ø Civil Unions from Illinois USA Ø Marriages from New York USA Ø Domestic Partnerships from Oregon USA and Ø Civil Unions from Rhode Island USA The Order will come into effect on 25 December 2011 Irish based couples in any of these relationships will from that date be subject to the same legal regime and the same rights and obligations as a couple who register a civil partnership in Ireland This includes rights and obligations in relation to shared property pensions inheritance and on break up of the relationship Civil partners are also treated in the same way as spouses under the tax social welfare and domestic violence codes The making of this order brings the number of categories of recognised registered relationships to 39 from 32 jurisdictions Announcing the making of the order the

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8PPG2J11573719-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • All News Items- GENDER EQUALITY MINISTER ANNOUNCES CONFERENCE TO ATTRACT MORE WOMEN INTO ACTIVE POLITICAL LIFE
    and agencies Citizens Information Family Resource Centre Online Public Services Money Advice MABS Census 2011 Citizenship Driving Education Education in Ireland Higher Education QualificationRecognition Intercultural Strategy Hijab Research Patronage and Pluralism Emergency Services Employment Get Involved In Irish Life Health Housing Information about Ireland Intercultural Fora Learning English Learning Irish Multilingual Information Education Own Language Qualifications Own Lang Police Own Language Crime Own Language Health Own Language Welfare Own Language Life Here Own Language Jobs Own Language Housing Own Language Census Own Language Privacy Own Language Volunteer Own Language Qualification Recognition Social Welfare Visas Voting Integration Events 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Publications Our Publications Other Publications Academic Central Statistics Office ESRI European Migration Net Equality Authority State Agencies HSE Police Service Garda NESC NCCRI OECD Police Service Garda Sporting Organisations UNHCR Miscellaneous Useful Weblinks Irish sites Government sites NGOs Research Centres International Sites Useful Contacts Contact Us Translation tool provided by Google The Office for the Promotion of Migrant Integration does not take any responsibility for quality of translation GENDER EQUALITY MINISTER ANNOUNCES CONFERENCE TO ATTRACT MORE WOMEN INTO ACTIVE POLITICAL LIFE 16 12 2011 Just 24 hours after the publication of the draft legislation which aims to increase women s participation in politics in Ireland Minister of State for Equality Kathleen Lynch T D announced preliminary plans to host a major conference entitled How to Elect More Women on 20 th January 2012 in Dublin Castle Copy of notification attached separately Minister Lynch welcomed the debate on the draft legislation announced by Environment Minister Phil Hogan T D This new law when enacted will require political parties to include at least 30 per cent of women as candidates at the next election Failure to comply will affect the level of State funding to the parties The Equality Minister reiterated the Government s commitment to more gender balanced decision making particularly in political life Over the past nine months the Minister has been chairing a working group on the advancement of women in decision making roles including politics and it is in this context that the Conference being announced today is taking place Speaking about women in politics in Ireland Minister Lynch said that it is a challenge to us all that in the 21 st Century a progressive country like Ireland ranks among the poorest performers at EU level and indeed internationally when it comes to equality in politics Pointing out that some 90 years after women got the vote fewer than one in seven of our Dáil Deputies are women the Minister then commented that All the most progressive countries in Europe make full use of the talents of both their women and their men in the world of politics We read only this week that women in Ireland are now joint top of the class in international education comparisons Women and men work well together in all fields of life across our country and it is time that we brought those collaborative strengths to

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8PPE3910161819-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • All News Items- European Commission - Press release
    Contact Us Translation tool provided by Google The Office for the Promotion of Migrant Integration does not take any responsibility for quality of translation European Commission Press release Report shows overall positive impact of mobility of Bulgarian and Romanian workers on EU economy 05 12 2011 Brussels 11 November 2011 A new report published today by the European Commission highlights the overall positive role that mobile workers from Bulgaria and Romania EU 2 have played in receiving countries economies These workers have contributed to the skills mix as well as filling vacancies in sectors and jobs with labour shortages such as in construction and the domestic and food services sectors Estimates also show a positive impact of the free movement of Romanian and Bulgarian workers on the EU s long term GDP with an increase by about 0 3 for EU 27 0 4 for eu 15 Studies show too that there has been no significant impact on unemployment or wages of local workers in receiving countries in the EU 15 studies show wages are on average only 0 28 lower they would have been without mobility of the EU 2 The report also highlights that there is no evidence of a disproportionate use of benefits by intra EU mobile EU citizens and that the impact of recent flows on national public finances is negligible or positive Speaking to journalists in the margins of a conference in Vienna László Andor EU Commissioner for Employment Social Affairs and Inclusion underlined the positive impact of mobility saying Moving between countries offers real opportunities and economic benefits for both the host countries and the EU as a whole We see that geographical mobility very much depends on the trends of the economy and where the jobs are He also expressed his strong desire to see all labour market restrictions lifted adding Restricting the free movement of workers in Europe is not the answer to high unemployment What we need to do is really to focus our efforts on creating new job opportunities Post enlargement mobility may have had some economic and social costs for the receiving countries as well as for the sending countries that lose productive capacity However the Commission believes that while a part of these costs might be temporarily reduced by restricting labour mobility in the longer term labour market imbalances need to be addressed through specific policies Evidence shows that the transitional measures have had a limited effect on the distribution of EU mobility and that flows are influenced more by factors like labour demand or language skills The experience of the 2004 enlargement has also shown that restricting the free movement of workers can have negative effects such as a rise in undeclared work The main destination for movers form Bulgaria and Romania was to Italy and Spain and data suggest that at the end of 2010 twice as many Bulgarians and Romanians 2 9 million were residing in the EU 25 compared to 2006 At the same

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8P9E531019155-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive

  • All News Items- EU Commission Report on Transitional Arrangements regarding Free Movement of Workers from Bulgaria and Romania
    that transitional measures have only had a limited influence on the distribution of intra EU mobility and that mobility flows are driven by other factors such as general labour demand network effects through existing foreign population and language As already stated in the 2008 report on the functioning of transitional arrangements for EU 8 workers 1 if anything restrictions on the labour market access can have side effects such as the increased incidence of undeclared work The relatively high share of self employed among recent intra EU movers from Bulgaria and Romania countries in countries keeping restrictions is another side effect of the restrictions When measuring the flows and stock of EU 2 workers shouldn t we take into account also the temporary mobile workers The picture of mobility of workers from the EU 2 countries is not complete if we consider only the workers residing permanently in the receiving countries A certain number of workers come for a limited duration including as posted or seasonal workers According to administrative data estimates show that in 2009 around 30 000 certificates for posting were issued from EU 2 Member States mostly from Romania to EU 25 countries and in particular to Germany Italy and France Another important form of short term mobility at least in some Member States concerns seasonal work In 2010 around 100 000 seasonal workers from EU 2 countries mostly from Romania were employed in Germany under bilateral agreements compared to around 50 000 in 2006 What is the labour market situation of the EU 2 citizens who recently moved to EU 25 countries According to the EU Labour Force Survey the employment rate of Bulgarian and Romanian working age 15 64 citizens who moved recently was in 2010 slightly below 63 the average in the EU 25 countries 65 A breakdown by main destination country shows however that the employment rates of EU 2 citizens are much higher than the average working age population in Italy and the UK close to the average in Spain and significantly lower only in Germany It should also be noted that the employment rate of recent movers from EU 2 countries is higher than the average rate in the sending countries 59 However EU 2 recent movers have been the group hardest hit by the economic recession and the share of those unemployed 16 was much higher than for nationals 6 This is mainly due to the adverse labour market situation in Spain one of the two main destination countries to their on average low educational attainment and their predominance in sectors strongly impacted by the crisis in particular the construction sector However it is clear that recent EU 2 movers played a very minor role in the labour market crisis of individual countries For instance in 2010 they represented only 1 of all unemployed persons aged 15 64 in EU 15 countries compared to 4 1 for recently arrived third country nationals What has been the impact of the enlargement and increased inflows of workers for the destination countries The vast majority of recent movers from Bulgaria and Romania participate in the labour market to the same extent as the average population or even at a higher rate They have played overall a positive role for the economies of receiving countries contributing to the skill mix and working in sectors and occupations where job shortages needed to be filled A recent model based study 2 estimates that mobility from the EU 2 during 2004 2009 may have boosted the aggregate GDP of the EU by about 0 2 in the short term and 0 3 in the long term based on the increased labour force and allowing for adjustment of production capacity For the receiving EU 15 countries the long term impact is even stronger 0 4 However there seems to be no significant long term impact on GDP per capita for receiving countries Other existing studies tend to confirm the overall positive impact on overall GDP and moderate effects on GDP per capita As far as labour market impacts are concerned most studies of the impact of EU 2 labour mobility on wages and employment of local workers conclude that the effects are very small For example the same recent study finds that that wages in the EU 15 are on average 0 24 lower in the short term than they would have been without additional mobility from the EU 2 with a similar impact in the long term 0 28 The short term impact of the inflow of EU 2 workers on unemployment is also found to be marginal with an estimated increase of the average EU 15 unemployment rate only 0 02 percentage points in the short term and no effect in the longer term even in countries that received significant inflows from EU 2 What has been the impact of increased workers mobility for the origin countries Is there not a risk of brain drain For the countries of origin the impact of free movement of workers and increased mobility to the EU 15 countries is mixed On the one hand geographical mobility has allowed a number of workers to find a job abroad leading to a reduction of unemployment On the other hand there has been an increased risk of brain drain and skill shortages in the sending countries notably in some specific sectors for instance health care An analysis of the skill level of recent EU 2 mobile workers showed that they were over represented in the low and medium skill level and the share of those having tertiary education university graduates is higher among the EU 2 active population 19 than among recent movers from EU 2 countries 14 Moreover tertiary education enrolment rates for 18 24 year olds have substantially increased in EU 2 countries in recent years from 16 1 in 2000 to 28 8 in 2008 which may compensate for the outflow of skilled labour Finally many younger migrants may

    Original URL path: http://www.integration.ie/website/omi/omiwebv6.nsf/page/AXBN-8P9DVX107485-en (2015-10-30)
    Open archived version from archive