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  • Drumlish Parish Website - Eucharistic Congress
    you made your First Holy Communion What do you remember about that day Eucharistic Congress Prayer Lord Jesus You were sent by the Father to gather together those who are scattered You came among us doing good and bringing healing announcing the Word of salvation and giving the Bread which lasts forever Be our companion on life s pilgrim way May your holy Spirit inflame our hearts enliven our hope

    Original URL path: http://www.drumlishparish.ie/content.aspx?par=6&ContentId=39 (2016-04-26)
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  • Drumlish Parish Website - A Parish Remembers!
    the Rev Patrick McKeon was inducted by the Rev John O Reilly P P Killoe as P P Monaduff The old Church was origin ally in Monaduff Then it was transferred to Drumlish Hill It had a clay floor and was not seated The present Church at the head of St Mary s Street was completed in 1907 and it was dedicated by Bishop Hoare on the 9th May of that year the feast of the Ascension After the concelebrated Mass at the re opening and blessing of the Church Most Rev Dr Daly congratulat ed and complimented the people of Drumlish parish on their two lovely churches which he said were unequalled in any other parish in the diocese He said Drumlish Church was a temple of splendour and beauty a place truly worthy of God s pres ence He paid tribute to everyone associated with the work and he spoke in glowing terms about the parish priest Fr James Butler He admired his strength and courage in undertaking this gigantic work a work that would have done more than justice to a man many years younger What Fr Butler had done he said would serve as an example for others The Bishop ex tended a special welcome to Fr John Butler the P P s brother who is a very generous benefactor of the Church He praised the extraordinary generosity of the priests both the native born priests of the parish and the priests of the diocese He warmly congratulated the people themselves for the manner in which they had co operated and helped in the work They had given proof of the faith and devotion characteristic of the people of Drumlish down through the years He admired the very many priests and nuns of the parish who had done and were still doing great work at home and on the foreign missions and he expressed the hope that very many more boys and girls from the parish would follow in their footsteps Sunday June 29 was certainly a day of joy for everyone associated with Drumlish Church a joy that their exiles felt and a joy that must have found echoes in Heaven among their faithful departed The people have now enshrined in stone the faith of their fathers may we hope that in the years to come they may show it forth as brilliantly by their good living Rededication of St Mary s Church Drumlish 29 th June 1969 ST PATRICK S CHURCH BALLINAMUCK St Patrick s Church Ballinamuck is on the site of an old thatched Church which was built about 1834 A couple of years later this humble little church was heroically defended by the curate Fr Moran King Harmon evicted all the families around and levelled their homes to the ground The Church was about to be pulled down when Fr Moran stepped forward and dared anyone put a finger on it The redcoats got afraid and withdrew so the Church was spared

    Original URL path: http://www.drumlishparish.ie/content.aspx?par=6&ContentId=40 (2016-04-26)
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  • Drumlish Parish Website - Year of Mercy 2016
    one of us the words that you spoke to the Samaritan woman If you knew the gift of God You are the visible face of the invisible Father of the God who manifests his power above all by forgiveness and mercy let the Church be your visible face in the world its Lord risen and glorified You willed that your ministers would also be clothed in weakness in order that

    Original URL path: http://www.drumlishparish.ie/content.aspx?par=6&ContentId=44 (2016-04-26)
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  • Drumlish Parish Website - Diary Dates
    place on Friday 8th April 2016 at 4 p m First Holy Communion in St Mary s Drumlish is on Saturday 14th May 2016 at 11 a m First Holy Communion takes place in Ballinamuck on Saturday 30th April 2016

    Original URL path: http://www.drumlishparish.ie/content.aspx?par=88&ContentId=20 (2016-04-26)
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  • Drumlish Parish Website - Baptism
    signs which tells us the wonders of your unseen power In Baptism we use your gift of water which you have made a rich symbol of the grace you give us in this sacrament At the very dawn of creation your Spirit breathed on the waters making them the wellspring of all holiness The waters of the great flood you made a sign of the waters of Baptism that make an end of sin and a new beginning of goodness Through the waters of the Red Sea you led Israel out of slavery to be an image of God s holy people set free from sin by Baptism In the waters of the Jordan your Son was baptized by John and anointed with the Spirit Your Son willed that water and blood should flow from his side as he hung upon the cross After his resurrection he told his disciples Go out and teach all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit Father look now with love upon your Church and unseal for her the fountain of Baptism By the power of the Spirit give to the water of this font the grace of your Son You created man in your own likeness cleanse him from sin in a new birth to innocence by water and the Spirit The celebrant touches the water with his right hand and continues Celebrant We ask you Father with your Son to send the Holy Spirit upon the water of this font May all who are buried with Christ in the death of Baptism rise also with him to newness of life We ask this through Christ our Lord All Amen b Celebrant Praise to you almighty God and Father for you have created water to cleanse and to give life All Blessed be God Celebrant Praise to you Lord Jesus Christ the Father s only Son for you offered yourself on the cross that in the blood and water flowing from your side and through your death and resurrection the Church might be born All Blessed be God Celebrant Praise to you God the Holy Spirit for you anointed Christ at his baptism in the waters of Jordan so that we might all be baptized in you All Blessed be God Celebrant Come to Lord Father of all and make holy this water which you have created so that all who are baptised in it may be washed clean of sin and be born again to live as your children All Hear us Lord Celebrant Make this water holy Lord so that all who are baptised in it may be washed clean of sin and be born again to live as your children All Hear us Lord The celebrant touches the water with his right hand and continues Celebrant Lord make holy this water which you have created so that all those whom you have chosen may be born again by the power of the Holy Spirit and may take their place among your holy people All Hear us Lord If the baptismal water has already been blessed the celebrant omits the invocation Come to us Lord and those that follow it and says Celebrant You called your child N to this cleansing water that he she may share in the faith of your Church and eternal life By the mystery of this consecrated water lead him her to a new and spiritual birth We ask this through Christ our lord All Amen c During the Easter season if there is baptismal water which was consecrated at the Easter Vigil the blessing and invocation of God over the water are nevertheless included so that the theme of thanksgiving and petition may find a place in the baptism Celebrant Father God of mercy through these waters of baptism you have filled us with new life as your very own children All Blessed be God Celebrant From all who are baptized in water and the Holy Spirit you have formed one people united in your Son Jesus Christ All Blessed be God Celebrant You have set us free and filled our hearts with the Spirit of your love that we may live in your peace All Blessed be God Celebrant You call those who have been baptized to announce the Good News of Jesus Christ to people everywhere All Blessed be God If the baptismal water has already been blessed the celebrant omits this last prayer and says Celebrant You have called your children N N to this cleansing water that they may share in the faith of your Church and have eternal life By the mystery of this consecrated water lead them to a new and spiritual birth We ask this through Christ our Lord All Amen Renunciation of Sin and Profession of Faith Celebrant Dear parents and godparents You have come here to present this child for baptism By water and the Holy Spirit he she is to receive the gift of new life from God who is love On your part you must make it your constant care to bring him her up in the faith See that the divine life which God gives him her is kept safe from poison of sin to grow always stronger in his her heart If your faith makes you ready to accept this responsibility renew now the vows of your baptism Reject sin profess your faith in Christ Jesus This is the faith of the Church This is the faith in which this child is about to be baptised The celebrant questions the parents and godparents Celebrant Do you reject Satan Parents Godparents I do Celebrant And all his works Parents Godparents I do Celebrant And all his empty promises Parents Godparents I do Next the celebrant asks for the threefold profession of faith from the parents and godparents Celebrant Do you believe in the God the Father almighty creator of heaven and earth

    Original URL path: http://www.drumlishparish.ie/content.aspx?par=87&ContentId=28 (2016-04-26)
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  • Drumlish Parish Website - Funeral Readings
    the earth many will awake some to everlasting life some to shame and everlasting disgrace The learned will shine as brightly as the vault of heaven and those who have instructed many in virtue as bright as stars for all eternity This is the word of the Lord 7 A reading from the second book of Maccabees 12 43 45 A fine and noble action in which he took account of the resurrection Judas the leader of the Jews took a collection from the people individually amounting to nearly two thousand drachmae and sent it to Jerusalem to have a sacrifice for sin offered an altogether fine and noble action in which he took full account of the resurrection For if he had not expected the fallen to rise again it would have been superfluous and foolish to pray for the dead whereas if he had in view the splendid recompense reserved for those who make a pious end the thought was hold and devout This was why he had his atonement sacrifice offered for the dead so that they might be released from their sin This is the word of the Lord FIRST READING FROM THE NEW TESTAMENT In the Easter Season A reading from the Acts of the Apostles 10 34 43 God has appointed him to judge everyone alive or dead Peter addressed Cornelius and his household The truth I have now come to realise he said is that God does not have favourites but that anybody of any nationality who fears God and does what is right is acceptable to him It is true God sent his word to the people of Israel and it was to them that the good news of peace was brought by Jesus Christ but Jesus Christ is Lord of all men You must have heard about the recent happenings in Judaea about Jesus of Nazareth and how he began in Galilee after John had been preaching baptism God had anointed him with the Holy Spirit and with power and because God was with him Jesus went about doing good and curing all who had fallen into the power of the devil Now I and those with me can witness to everything he did throughout the countryside of Judaea and in Jerusalem itself and also to the fact that they killed him by hanging him on a tree yet three days afterwards God raised him to life and allowed him to be seen not by the whole people but only by certain witnesses God had chosen beforehand Now we are those witnesses we have eaten and drunk with him after his resurrection from the dead and he has ordered us to proclaim this to his people and to tell them that God had appointed him to judge everyone alive or dead It is to him that all the prophets bear this witness that all who believe in Jesus will have their sins forgiven through his name This is the Word of the Lord Shorter form A reading from the Acts of the Apostles 10 34 36 42 43 God has appointed Jesus to judge everyone alive or dead Peter addressed Cornelius and his household The truth I have now come to realise he said is that God does not have favourites but that anybody of any nationality who fears God and does what is right is acceptable to him It is true God sent his word to the people of Israel and it was to them that the good news of peace was brought by Jesus Christ but Jesus Christ but Jesus Christ is Lord of all men and he has ordered us to proclaim this to his people and to tell them that God has appointed him to judge everyone alive or dead It is to him that all the prophets bear this witness that all who believe in Jesus will have their sins forgiven through his name This is the word of the Lord 2 14 13 A reading from the book of the Apocalypse Happy are those who did in the Lord I John heard a voice from heaven say to me Write down Happy are those who die in the Lord Happy indeed the Spirit says now they can rest for ever after their work since their good deeds go with them This is the word of the Lord 3 A reading from the book of the Apocalypse 20 11 21 1 The dead were judged according to what they have done in their lives I John saw a great white throne and the One who was sitting on it In his presence earth and sky vanished leaving no trace I saw the dead both great and small standing in front of his throne while the book of life was opened and other books opened which were the record of what they had done in their lives by which the dead were judged The sea gave up all the dead who were in it Death and Hades were emptied of the dead that were in them and every one was judged according to the way in which he had lived Then Death and Hades were thrown into the burning lake This burning lake is the second death and anyone whose name could not be found written in the book of life was thrown into the burning lake Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth the first heaven and the first earth had disappeared now and there was no longer any sea This is the word of the Lord 4 A reading from the book of the Apocalyspe 21 1 7 There will be no more death I John saw a new heaven and a new earth the first heaven and the first earth had disappeared now and there was no longer any sea I saw the holy city and the new Jerusalem coming down from God out of heaven as beautiful as a bride all dressed for her husband Then I heard a loud voice call from the throne You see this city Here God lives among men He will make his home among them they shall be his people and he will be their God his name is God with them He will wipe away all tears from their eyes there will be no more death and no more mourning or sadness The world of the past has gone Then the One sitting on the throne spoke Now I am making the whole of creation new he said I will give water from the well of life free to anybody who is thirsty it is the rightful inheritance of the one who proves victorious and I will be his God and he a son to me This is the word of the Lord SECOND READING FROM THE NEW TESTAMENT 1 A reading from the letter of St Paul to the Romans 5 5 11 Having died to make us righteous is it likely that he would now fail to save us from God s anger Hope is not deceptive because the love of God has been poured into our hearts by the Holy Spirit which has been given us We were still helpless when at his appointed moment Christ died for sinful men It is not easy to die even for a good man though of course for someone really worthy a man might be prepared to die but what proves that God loves us is that Christ died for us while we were still sinners Having died to make us righteous it is likely that he would now fail to save us from God s anger When we were reconciled to God by the death of his son we were still enemies now that we have been reconciled surely we may count on being saved by the life of his Son Not merely because we have been reconciled but because we are filled with joyful trust in God through our Lord Jesus Christ through whom we have already gained our reconciliation This is the word of the Lord 2 A reading from the letter of St Paul to the Romans 5 17 21 However great the number of sins committed grace was even greater If it is certain that death reigned over everyone as the consequence of one man s fall it is even more certain that one man Jesus Christ will cause everyone to reign in life who receives the free gift that he does not deserve of being made righteous Again as one man s fall brought condemnation on everyone so the good act of one man brings everyone life and makes them justified As by one man s disobedience many were made sinners so by one man s obedience many will be made righteous When law came it was to multiply the opportunities of falling but however great the number of sins committed grace was even greater and so just as sin reigned wherever there was death so grace will reign to bring eternal life thanks to the righteousness that comes through Jesus Christ our Lord This is the word of the Lord 3 A reading from the letter of St Paul to the Romans 6 3 9 Let us live a new life When we were baptised in Christ Jesus we were baptised in his death in other words when we were baptised we went into the tomb with him and joined him in death so that as Christ was raised from the dead by the Father s glory we too might live a new life If in union with Christ we have imitated his death we shall also imitate him in his resurrection We must realise that our former selves have been crucified with him to destroy this sinful body and to free us from the slavery of sin When a man dies of course he has finished with sin But we believe that having died with Christ we shall return to life with him Christ as we know having been raised from the dead will never die again Death has no power over him any more This is the word of the Lord Shorter form A reading from the letter of St Paul to the Romans 6 3 4 8 9 Let us live a new life When we were baptised in Christ Jesus we were baptised in his death in other words when we were baptised we went into the tomb with him and joined him in death so that as Christ was raised from the dead by the Father s glory we too might live a new life But we believe that having died with Christ we shall return to life with him Christ as we know having been raised from the dead will never die again Death has no power over him any more This is the word of the Lord 4 A reading from the letter of St Paul to the Romans 8 14 23 We wait for our bodies to be set free Everyone moved by the Spirit is a son of God The spirit you received is not the spirit of slaves bringing fear into your lives again it is the spirit of sons and it makes us cry out Abba Father The Spirit himself and our spirit bear united witness that we are children of God And if we are children we are heirs as well heirs of God and coheirs with Christ sharing his sufferings so as to share his glory I think that what we suffer in this life can never be compared to the glory as yet unrevealed which is waiting for us The whole creation is eagerly waiting for God to reveal his sons It was not for any fault on the part of creation that it was made unable to attain its purpose it was made so by God but creation still retains the hope of being freed like us from its slavery to decadence to enjoy the same freedom and glory as the children of God From the beginning till now the entire creation as we know has been groaning in one great act of giving birth and not only creation but all of us who possess the first fruits of the spirit we too groan inwardly as we wait for our bodies to be set free This is the word of the Lord 5 A reading from the letter of St Paul to the Romans 8 31 35 37 39 Nothing can come between us and the love of Christ With God on our side who can be against us Since God did not spare his own Son but gave him up to benefit us all we may be certain after such a gift that he will not refuse anything he can give Could anyone accuse those that God has chosen When God acquits could anyone condemn Could Christ Jesus No He not only died for us he rose from the dead and there at God s right hand he stands and pleads for us Nothing therefore can come between us and the love of Christ even if we are troubled or worried or being persecuted or lacking food or clothes or being threatened or even attacked These are the trials through which we triumph by the power of him who loved us For I am certain of this neither death nor life no angel no prince nothing that exists nothing still to come not any power or height or depth nor any created thing can ever come between us and the love of God made visible in Christ Jesus our Lord This is the word of the Lord 6 A reading from the letter of St Paul to the Romans 14 7 12 Alive or dead we belong to the Lord The life and death of each of us has its influence on others if we live we live for the Lord and if we die we die for the Lord so that alive or dead we belong to the Lord This explains why Christ both died and came to life it was so that he might be Lord both of the dead and of the living We shall all have to stand before the judgement seat of God as scripture says By my life it is the Lord who speaks every knee shall bend before me and every tongue shall praise God It is to God therefore that each of us must give an account of himself This is the word of the Lord 7 A reading from the first letter of St Paul to the Corinthians 15 20 28 All men will be brought to life in Christ Christ has been raised from the dead the first fruits of all who have fallen asleep Death came through one man and in the same way the resurrection of the dead has come through one man Just as all men die in Adam so all men will be brought to life in Christ but all of them in their proper order Christ as the first fruits and then after the coming of Christ those who belong to him After that will come the end when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father For he must be king until he has put all his enemies under his feet and the last of the enemies to be destroyed is death for everything is to be put under his feet Though when it is said that everything is subjected this clearly cannot include the One who subjected everything to him And when everything is subjected to him then the Son himself will be subject in his turn to the One who subjected all things to him so that God may be all in all This is the Word of the Lord Shorter form A reading from the first letter of St Paul to the Corinthians 15 20 23 All men will be brought to life in Christ Christ has been raised from the dead the first fruits of all who have fallen asleep Death came through one man and in the same way the resurrection of the dead has come through one man Just as all men die in Adam so all men will be brought to life in Christ but all of them in their proper order Christ as the first fruits and then after the coming of Christ those who belong to him This is the word of the Lord 8 A reading from the first letter of St Paul to the Corinthians 15 51 57 Death is swallowed up in victory I will tell you something that has been secret that we are not all going to die but we shall all be changed This will be instantaneous in the twinkling of an eye when the last trumpet sounds It will sound and the dead will be raised imperishable and we shall be changed as well because our present perishable nature must put on imperishability and this mortal nature must put on immortality When this perishable nature has put on imperishability and when this mortal nature has put on immortability then the words of scripture will come true Death is swallowed up in victory Death where is your victory Death where is your string Now the sting of death is sin and sin gets its power from the Law So let us thank God for giving us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ This is the word of the Lord 9 A reading from the second letter of St Paul to the Corinthians 4 14 5 1 Visible things last only for a time but the invisible are eternal We know that he who raised the Lord Jesus to life will raise us with Jesus in our turn and put us by his side and you with us

    Original URL path: http://www.drumlishparish.ie/content.aspx?par=87&ContentId=37 (2016-04-26)
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  • Drumlish Parish Website - Marriage
    the Son of God by becoming incarnate and giving his life has united to himself in a certain way all mankind saved by him thus preparing for the wedding feast of the Lamb 1613 On the threshold of his public life Jesus performs his first sign at his mother s request during a wedding feast The Church attaches great importance to Jesus presence at the wedding at Cana She sees in it the confirmation of the goodness of marriage and the proclamation that thenceforth marriage will be an efficacious sign of Christ s presence 1614 In his preaching Jesus unequivocally taught the original meaning of the union of man and woman as the Creator willed it from the beginning permission given by Moses to divorce one s wife was a concession to the hardness of hearts The matrimonial union of man and woman is indissoluble God himself has determined it what therefore God has joined together let no man put asunder 1615 This unequivocal insistence on the indissolubility of the marriage bond may have left some perplexed and could seem to be a demand impossible to realize However Jesus has not placed on spouses a burden impossible to bear or too heavy heavier than the Law of Moses By coming to restore the original order of creation disturbed by sin he himself gives the strength and grace to live marriage in the new dimension of the Reign of God It is by following Christ renouncing themselves and taking up their crosses that spouses will be able to receive the original meaning of marriage and live it with the help of Christ This grace of Christian marriage is a fruit of Christ s cross the source of all Christian life 1616 This is what the Apostle Paul makes clear when he says Husbands love your wives as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her that he might sanctify her adding at once For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife and the two shall become one This is a great mystery and I mean in reference to Christ and the Church 1617 The entire Christian life bears the mark of the spousal love of Christ and the Church Already Baptism the entry into the People of God is a nuptial mystery it is so to speak the nuptial bath which precedes the wedding feast the Eucharist Christian marriage in its turn becomes an efficacious sign the sacrament of the covenant of Christ and the Church Since it signifies and communicates grace marriage between baptized persons is a true sacrament of the New Covenant Virginity for the sake of the Kingdom 1618 Christ is the center of all Christian life The bond with him takes precedence over all other bonds familial or social From the very beginning of the Church there have been men and women who have renounced the great good of marriage to follow the Lamb wherever he goes to be intent on the things of the Lord to seek to please him and to go out to meet the Bridegroom who is coming Christ himself has invited certain persons to follow him in this way of life of which he remains the model For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven He who is able to receive this let him receive it 1619 Virginity for the sake of the kingdom of heaven is an unfolding of baptismal grace a powerful sign of the supremacy of the bond with Christ and of the ardent expectation of his return a sign which also recalls that marriage is a reality of this present age which is passing away 1620 Both the sacrament of Matrimony and virginity for the Kingdom of God come from the Lord himself It is he who gives them meaning and grants them the grace which is indispensable for living them out in conformity with his will Esteem of virginity for the sake of the kingdom and the Christian understanding of marriage are inseparable and they reinforce each other Whoever denigrates marriage also diminishes the glory of virginity Whoever praises it makes virginity more admirable and resplendent What appears good only in comparison with evil would not be truly good The most excellent good is something even better than what is admitted to be good II The Celebration of Marriage 1621 In the Latin Rite the celebration of marriage between two Catholic faithful normally takes place during Holy Mass because of the connection of all the sacraments with the Paschal mystery of Christ In the Eucharist the memorial of the New Covenant is realized the New Covenant in which Christ has united himself for ever to the Church his beloved bride for whom he gave himself up It is therefore fitting that the spouses should seal their consent to give themselves to each other through the offering of their own lives by uniting it to the offering of Christ for his Church made present in the Eucharistic sacrifice and by receiving the Eucharist so that communicating in the same Body and the same Blood of Christ they may form but one body in Christ 1622 Inasmuch as it is a sacramental action of sanctification the liturgical celebration of marriage must be per se valid worthy and fruitful It is therefore appropriate for the bride and groom to prepare themselves for the celebration of their marriage by receiving the sacrament of penance 1623 According to the Latin tradition the spouses as ministers of Christ s grace mutually confer upon each other the sacrament of Matrimony by expressing their consent before the Church In the traditions of the Eastern Churches the priests bishops or presbyters are witnesses to the mutual consent given by the spouses but for the validity of the sacrament their blessing is also necessary 1624 The various liturgies abound in prayers of blessing and epiclesis asking God s grace and blessing on the new couple especially the bride In the epiclesis of this sacrament the spouses receive the Holy Spirit as the communion of love of Christ and the Church The Holy Spirit is the seal of their covenant the ever available source of their love and the strength to renew their fidelity III Matrimonial Consent 1625 The parties to a marriage covenant are a baptized man and woman free to contract marriage who freely express their consent to be free means not being under constraint not impeded by any natural or ecclesiastical law 1626 The Church holds the exchange of consent between the spouses to be the indispensable element that makes the marriage If consent is lacking there is no marriage 1627 The consent consists in a human act by which the partners mutually give themselves to each other I take you to be my wife I take you to be my husband This consent that binds the spouses to each other finds its fulfillment in the two becoming one flesh 1628 The consent must be an act of the will of each of the contracting parties free of coercion or grave external fear No human power can substitute for this consent If this freedom is lacking the marriage is invalid 1629 For this reason or for other reasons that render the marriage null and void the Church after an examination of the situation by the competent ecclesiastical tribunal can declare the nullity of a marriage i e that the marriage never existed In this case the contracting parties are free to marry provided the natural obligations of a previous union are discharged 1630 The priest or deacon who assists at the celebration of a marriage receives the consent of the spouses in the name of the Church and gives the blessing of the Church The presence of the Church s minister and also of the witnesses visibly expresses the fact that marriage is an ecclesial reality 1631 This is the reason why the Church normally requires that the faithful contract marriage according to the ecclesiastical form Several reasons converge to explain this requirement Sacramental marriage is a liturgical act It is therefore appropriate that it should be celebrated in the public liturgy of the Church Marriage introduces one into an ecclesial order and creates rights and duties in the Church between the spouses and towards their children Since marriage is a state of life in the Church certainty about it is necessary hence the obligation to have witnesses The public character of the consent protects the I do once given and helps the spouses remain faithful to it 1632 So that the I do of the spouses may be a free and responsible act and so that the marriage covenant may have solid and lasting human and Christian foundations preparation for marriage is of prime importance The example and teaching given by parents and families remain the special form of this preparation The role of pastors and of the Christian community as the family of God is indispensable for the transmission of the human and Christian values of marriage and family and much more so in our era when many young people experience broken homes which no longer sufficiently assure this initiation It is imperative to give suitable and timely instruction to young people above all in the heart of their own families about the dignity of married love its role and its exercise so that having learned the value of chastity they will be able at a suitable age to engage in honorable courtship and enter upon a marriage of their own Mixed marriages and disparity of cult 1633 In many countries the situation of a mixed marriage marriage between a Catholic and a baptized non Catholic often arises It requires particular attention on the part of couples and their pastors A case of marriage with disparity of cult between a Catholic and a non baptized person requires even greater circumspection 1634 Difference of confession between the spouses does not constitute an insurmountable obstacle for marriage when they succeed in placing in common what they have received from their respective communities and learn from each other the way in which each lives in fidelity to Christ But the difficulties of mixed marriages must not be underestimated They arise from the fact that the separation of Christians has not yet been overcome The spouses risk experiencing the tragedy of Christian disunity even in the heart of their own home Disparity of cult can further aggravate these difficulties Differences about faith and the very notion of marriage but also different religious mentalities can become sources of tension in marriage especially as regards the education of children The temptation to religious indifference can then arise 1635 According to the law in force in the Latin Church a mixed marriage needs for liceity the express permission of ecclesiastical authority In case of disparity of cult an express dispensation from this impediment is required for the validity of the marriage This permission or dispensation presupposes that both parties know and do not exclude the essential ends and properties of marriage and furthermore that the Catholic party confirms the obligations which have been made known to the non Catholic party of preserving his or her own faith and ensuring the baptism and education of the children in the Catholic Church 1636 Through ecumenical dialogue Christian communities in many regions have been able to put into effect a common pastoral practice for mixed marriages Its task is to help such couples live out their particular situation in the light of faith overcome the tensions between the couple s obligations to each other and towards their ecclesial communities and encourage the flowering of what is common to them in faith and respect for what separates them 1637 In marriages with disparity of cult the Catholic spouse has a particular task For the unbelieving husband is consecrated through his wife and the unbelieving wife is consecrated through her husband It is a great joy for the Christian spouse and for the Church if this consecration should lead to the free conversion of the other spouse to the Christian faith Sincere married love the humble and patient practice of the family virtues and perseverance in prayer can prepare the non believing spouse to accept the grace of conversion IV The Effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony 1638 From a valid marriage arises a bond between the spouses which by its very nature is perpetual and exclusive furthermore in a Christian marriage the spouses are strengthened and as it were consecrated for the duties and the dignity of their state by a special sacrament The marriage bond 1639 The consent by which the spouses mutually give and receive one another is sealed by God himself From their covenant arises an institution confirmed by the divine law even in the eyes of society The covenant between the spouses is integrated into God s covenant with man Authentic married love is caught up into divine love 1640 Thus the marriage bond has been established by God himself in such a way that a marriage concluded and consummated between baptized persons can never be dissolved This bond which results from the free human act of the spouses and their consummation of the marriage is a reality henceforth irrevocable and gives rise to a covenant guaranteed by God s fidelity The Church does not have the power to contravene this disposition of divine wisdom The grace of the sacrament of Matrimony 1641 By reason of their state in life and of their order Christian spouses have their own special gifts in the People of God This grace proper to the sacrament of Matrimony is intended to perfect the couple s love and to strengthen their indissoluble unity By this grace they help one another to attain holiness in their married life and in welcoming and educating their children 1642 Christ is the source of this grace Just as of old God encountered his people with a covenant of love and fidelity so our Savior the spouse of the Church now encounters Christian spouses through the sacrament of Matrimony Christ dwells with them gives them the strength to take up their crosses and so follow him to rise again after they have fallen to forgive one another to bear one another s burdens to be subject to one another out of reverence for Christ and to love one another with supernatural tender and fruitful love In the joys of their love and family life he gives them here on earth a foretaste of the wedding feast of the Lamb How can I ever express the happiness of a marriage joined by the Church strengthened by an offering sealed by a blessing announced by angels and ratified by the Father How wonderful the bond between two believers now one in hope one in desire one in discipline one in the same service They are both children of one Father and servants of the same Master undivided in spirit and flesh truly two in one flesh Where the flesh is one one also is the spirit V The Goods and Requirements of Conjugal Love 1643 Conjugal love involves a totality in which all the elements of the person enter appeal of the body and instinct power of feeling and affectivity aspiration of the spirit and of will It aims at a deeply personal unity a unity that beyond union in one flesh leads to forming one heart and soul it demands indissolubility and faithfulness in definitive mutual giving and it is open to fertility In a word it is a question of the normal characteristics of all natural conjugal love but with a new significance which not only purifies and strengthens them but raises them to the extent of making them the expression of specifically Christian values The unity and indissolubility of marriage 1644 The love of the spouses requires of its very nature the unity and indissolubility of the spouses community of persons which embraces their entire life so they are no longer two but one flesh They are called to grow continually in their communion through day to day fidelity to their marriage promise of total mutual self giving This human communion is confirmed purified and completed by communion in Jesus Christ given through the sacrament of Matrimony It is deepened by lives of the common faith and by the Eucharist received together 1645 The unity of marriage distinctly recognized by our Lord is made clear in the equal personal dignity which must be accorded to man and wife in mutual and unreserved affection Polygamy is contrary to conjugal love which is undivided and exclusive The fidelity of conjugal love 1646 By its very nature conjugal love requires the inviolable fidelity of the spouses This is the consequence of the gift of themselves which they make to each other Love seeks to be definitive it cannot be an arrangement until further notice The intimate union of marriage as a mutual giving of two persons and the good of the children demand total fidelity from the spouses and require an unbreakable union between them 1647 The deepest reason is found in the fidelity of God to his covenant in that of Christ to his Church Through the sacrament of Matrimony the spouses are enabled to represent this fidelity and witness to it Through the sacrament the indissolubility of marriage receives a new and deeper meaning 1648 It can seem difficult even impossible to bind oneself for life to another human being This makes it all the more important to proclaim the Good News that God loves us with a definitive and irrevocable love that married couples share in this love that it supports and sustains them and that by their

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